Sight reading is among the topics that make piano teachers feel head-ached. Sight reading skill is highly essential in music learning. But not all students are in-born sight readers. So we have the sight reading training from the very beginning.
In pre-grade, we are concentrated on note reading training. Pitch names of notes on the 5-line staff and different types of note durations are being taught. In traditional approach we use note spelling exercise (paper work) and flashcards in note reading training. But students get bored easily through this approach. So here I share the note reading game that use during the piano class. It is also fun to use this game to sense the musical contour and have some exercise during the piano lessons kinetically.
Firstly introduce 5-line staff without clefs to students and tell them that notes are either in lines or space. Then write semibreves within each space and altogether we get four semibreves on the staff.
Ask students to freely assign four different body movement/percussion for these four semibreves in bottom-up approach, for example tapping on the floor for the lowerest semibreve, then clapping on the knee and clapping hands for the following two semibreves and clapping on shoulder for the toppest semibreve. This approach resembles the rationale of musical notation that notes are getting higher in pitch when they are “climbing” up the staff.
After I learnt from my students their own version of body movements we re-do these four different body movement/percussion together for the randomly assigned semibreves, for example:
Students can feel “ups and downs” of musical contour physically.
Tell students that pitches must come from notes on the staff with music clefs. I prefer to introduce treble clef first and tell students that we often use F-A-C-E to facilitate memorizing pitches in treble clef.
This time we redo step 1 with speaking out corresponding pitch names simultaneously.
This step suits those who can identify pitches but tend to overlook accidentals as just black keys nearby. Further developed from step 2, ask students to do movements only involving right hand side for notes with sharps and left hand side for notes with flats, and remaining both hands for no accidentals. This step also resembles another rationale of piano notation that sharp (#) means raising the pitch a semitone higher (moving towards the right) while flat (♭) means the pitch a semitone lower (moving towards the left ).
This game suits pre-grade to intermediate level students, and especially for extrovert kinesthetic learners. Hope you enjoy this game!
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